Brunei Darussalam try a good multiethnic neighborhood in which one ethnic category, the Barunay, have a dominance out of governmental electricity

Brunei Darussalam try a good multiethnic neighborhood in which one ethnic category, the Barunay, have a dominance out of governmental electricity

Orientation

Identity. Variations in customs among other cultural organizations are not regional but cultural, personal, and linguistic. Local Muslims are often known as Brunei Malays no matter if they may not be local speakers of one’s Malay vocabulary.

Speculations regarding the etymology tend to be derivations on Malay ( baru nah («indeed there!»), an excellent Sanskrit means, together with Kelabit label into Limbang Lake.

Location and you can Geography. The initial house regarding Brunei culture is the urban area in the resource, Bandar Seri Begawan. Agreements off Barunay and Kadayan are also receive over the coasts off northern Sarawak and you may southwest Sabah when you look at the Malaysia; Tutong and you may Belait agreements can be found solely in the Brunei. Bisaya, Iban, and you localmilfselfies Ceny can Penan people along with are now living in Sarawak and you will Dusun and you will Murut people in both Sarawak and Sabah.

Brunei Darussalam was 2,226 rectangular miles (5,763 rectangular miles), that have a seashore of approximately 100 kilometers (161 kilometers) toward Southern China Sea-coast away from northwestern Borneo and you will collectively the brand new west coastlines of your southernmost percentage of Brunei Bay. Brunei is completely enclosed by the fresh Malaysian county out of Sarawak. The latest weather is equatorial with a high heat, large moisture, and hefty water, although there isn’t any collection of wet season. The world is split into about three contiguous administrative areas-Brunei-Muara, Tutong, and you can Belait-having a fourth, Temburong, es of the areas result of the fundamental streams.

Up to 75 percent of the nation is forested, whilst the exportation from whole logs has been banned. The nation is included which have an array of mangrove, heath, peat swamp, blended dipterocarp, and you can montane forests. There are various canals, whose wide valleys include all the nation’s settlements. New south percentage of Temburong is mountainous and you may sparsely populated.

Demography. This new 1998 inhabitants imagine is 323,600. Malays comprise regarding the 67 per cent of full; Chinese, fifteen per cent; most other native peoples (Iban, Dayak, and you can Kelabit, every primarily from Sarawak), six percent, while some, a dozen per cent. Throughout the later eighties, twenty four,500 immigrants did mainly regarding the oil community. The people has grown over 12-bend once the earliest 10 years of one’s twentieth century. The latest shipping of society is actually Brunei-Muara, 66 %; Belait, 20%; Tutong, 11 percent; and you can Temburong, 3 per cent.

Linguistic Association. Malay is the official vocabulary, however, English is actually popular during the commerce. The brand new Brunei dialect off Malay has many book lexical facts and an original sentence structure. Malay is in the West Malayo-Polynesian subgroup of the Austronesian code friends, that also has the other languages spoken in the Brunei. Various Chinese languages, English, and you can Philippine and mainland southern Far-eastern dialects is actually verbal by visitor specialists. A lot of people was multilingual.

Symbolism. The fresh national banner try a yellow realm of a couple of trapeziums with a white diagonal parallelogram stripe significantly more than a black colored diagonal parallelogram stripe, symbolizing the new organizations of the very first vizier (a good Muslim formal), the newest Pengiran Bendahara, and the third vizier, the brand new Pengiran Pamancha. These people were the only real vizier practices filled in 1906, in the event that very first British resident used occupancy. The new flag was embellished regarding the cardio of the county crest when you look at the

Record and Ethnic Affairs

Emergence of the nation. The fresh new sources of the nation are just dimly understood. Regional way of living speak of some ancient local Bornean society heroes, along with Hawang Halak Batatar, which used Islam and you can turned the original Muslim sultan regarding Brunei, Sultan Muhammad (reigned 1405–1415), along with his cousin, Patih Barbai, exactly who turned into the second sultan, Sultan Ahmad (reigned 1415–1425). Such heroes provided rise for the Barunay nobles. Of numerous Barunay aristocrats shadow their root to your Pagar Uyung area of one’s Minangakabau highlands out of Sumatra. The next sultan, Sharif Ali (reigned 1425–1433), whom age from Arabia and you can is actually good descendant of Prophet Muhammad, just like the was in fact all adopting the sultans.

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